The Olde Boston Bulldogge or just Old Boston Bulldog aka Old Boston Terrier is the original "round-headed" Bull and Terrier of the Boston area, Massachusetts. A smooth, short-coated, compactly-built dog of medium station. The Olde Boston Bulldogge was extinct and is recreated as a working Bulldog and function should come before form.
Olde Boston Bulldogge History
The Olde Boston Bulldogge is the breed from which the Boston Terrier was developed, therefore the Olde Boston Bulldogge and the Boston Terrier share the same early history. The Olde Boston Bulldogge is as a breed separated from the current Boston Terrier.
Other smaller imported dogs are reported to have been used to further breed down the original old type Boston Terrier to make it look like the present-day Boston Terrier. In the early history of the breed, however, there was no established type, some favoring the bulldog-type, while others preferred the terrier-like specimens. They were called "Round-headed bull and terriers" or short "Round Heads" and "American Bull Terrier". The dogs that were used in the fighting pits were also used as family dogs.
So, they had to demonstrate a loyal and friendly character, on top of their ability to fight. Their devotion to their masters was legendary.
So, while the Boston Terrier were being refined, and eventually developed into a toy breed, the original Boston Bulldog, which was considered not refined enough because it had too much bulldog influence, continued to be bred separately and ultimately included in the working populations of Bull&Terrier variants.
Over time, opposition arose from bull terrier and bulldog fanciers about the similarity of the breed's name. A noted writer and authority, James Watson, thus suggested that since this new breed did not resemble the Bull Terrier, the dog should have its own breed identity. He felt that this dog having been bred in and around Boston, it should be named the Boston Terrier. So, in 1891, the American Bull Terrier Club changed its name to the Boston Terrier Club of America and changed the name of the breed to the Boston terrier. The breed was accepted into the American Kennel Club in 1893.
Over the years the tendency has been to reduce them in size. In the early 1900's, one can still find Boston Terriers being shown in the Conformation Ring weighing around 30 pounds.
However, in the 1920's breeders started to pay more attention to the body proportions and markings on the body. Pit fighting lost popularity while the development of the industrialization and urban living conditions increased the demand for smaller-sized companian dogs. By the 1950's the Boston Terrier was very much like the dog we know today.
Today, while the Boston Terrier bares no ressemblance with the Old type Bull and Terrier of Boston used in pit fighting, the Olde Boston Bulldogge has been kept close to its historical model of the 1800's.
Like most dogs used for pit fighting in the 1800's the original Boston Bulldog resulted from a cross between bulldogs and terriers (more specifically from the English Bulldogr, the Bull Terrier and the White English Terrier), and varied in form. As a result some had the long, clean head of a terrier; others, the roundhead of the bulldog at that time. Most people believe that the French Bulldog was crossed in along the way, explaining the Boston Terrier's bat like ears.
Olde Boston Bulldogge Appearance
Body: the head should indicate a high degree of intelligence and should be in proportion to the dog's size; the body rather short and well-knit, the limbs strong and finely turned, no feature being so prominent that the dog appears badly proportioned. The dog conveys an impression of determination, strength and activity. Style of a high order, and carriage easy and graceful. The perfect Olde Boston Bulldogge should be of small to medium height and size (not toy sized) with a round compact head and a solid, muscular and athletic body. The body is deep and broad of chest, well ribbed up. Back short, not roached. Loins and quarters strong. The elbows do neither stand in nor out. The forlegs stand wide apart, straight and well muscled. The hindlegs are straight, quite long from stifle to hock (which should turn neither in nor out), short and straight from hock to pasterns. Thighs well muscled. Hocks not too prominent. The feet are small, nearly round, and turned neither in nor out. Toes compact and arched. The tail is set-on low, short, fine and tapering, devoid of fringe or coarse hair, and not carried above the horizontal. Disqualifications: Docked tail and any artificial means used to deceive the judge. Too narrow in the chest; Bowing or turned out resulting in poor movement; Down in the pasterns or splayed feet.
Head: the skull is broad and flat, without prominent cheeks, and forehead free from wrinkles and the stop is well defined, but indenture not too deep. The eyes are set wide apart, large and round, neither sunken nor too prominent, and in color dark and soft. The outside corner should be on a line with the cheeks as viewed from the front. The muzzle is short, square, wide and deep, without wrinkles. Nose black and wide, with a well defined straight line between nostrils. The jaws broad and square, with short, regular teeth. The chops wide and deep, not pendulous, completely covering the teeth when mouth is closed. The ears are small and thin, situated as near corners of skull as possible. The neck is of a fair length, without throatiness and slightly arched. Following are faults: Head too small; Muzzle too long (more than 3 inches); too undershot of a bite; Completely pink nose (a small amount is acceptable).
Height at Withers: The Olde Boston Bulldogge is larger than the Boston Terrier, much more like what this dog originally looked like before it was bred down. In general between 36-42 cm for dogs and 32-37 cm for bitches.
Weight: originally dogs 14.5 to 28 pounds (6.5 kg to 13 kg) and bitches 13 to 22.5 pounds (6 kg to 10 kg). Recreations, dogs: 30 to 45 pounds (13.5 kg to 20 kg) and bitches 25 to 36 pounds (11 kg to 16 kg). Lightweight class, 12 and not to exceed 17 pounds; middleweight class, 17 and not to exceed 22 pounds; heavyweight class, 22 and not to exceed 28 pounds. The Boston Terrier should not weigh more than 25 lbs. The recreated boston bulldog can weigh any where from 25 to 45 lbs.
Coat: fine in texture, short, bright and not too hard. The coat is shiny and soft with a crushed velvet quality. This breed is an average shedder.
Colors: any color, brindle, evenly marked with white, strongly preferred. Markings are a white muzzle, blaze on face, collar, chest and feet. While the Boston Terrier only comes in brindle/white, black/white, seal/white, the Olde Boston Bulldogge comes in all colors like the ancient bulldog: red, brown, fawn, white and all shades of brindle, with white markings. Apart from these colors you also have black blue, seal and tuxedo, a classic Boston pattern.
Olde Boston Bulldogge Temperament
Character: Old Boston Bulldogges have kept close to the original Boston bull and terrier. They are known for their tenacity and sound temperament. Like the bulldog they have comical and interesting personalities and are very intelligent. They are active and playful but not the kind of neurotic and yappy dog that barks all day with no apparent reason. They love kids and can play with you as long and as hard as you want, but they can just as will sit in an easy chair and relax for hours. The disposition should be outgoing, loyal, lively and intelligent. The temperament is very stable and trustworthy. The Olde Boston Bulldogge is loyal and brave. It is loving and courageous. Outgoing, loyal, lively and intelligent. Stable and trustworthy with family but can be dog and small animal aggressive. The Olde Boston Bulldogge is very affectionate and bonds well with the family.
Social Build: the Olde Boston Bulldgge is mild and good with children. If socialized properly, it can go along with other dogs as well, please mind the pit fighting roots of this breed, and the percentage of dogs with these characteristics bred generation on generation to each other.
Olde Boston Bulldogge Socially
Care: the short-haired, smooth coat makes this breed easy to groom. Comb, brush and bathe as necessary. Needs regular and vigorous exercise. Olde Boston Bulldogge are a healthy working dog without serious health problems. Unlike their Boston Terrier cousins males should be free breeders and females should be free whelpers. The Olde Boston Bulldogge should be devoid of all breathing problems.
Education: the Olde Boston Bulldogge is easily trained. Enjoys working with it's owner and likes to please. This working dog is easy to train and loves to please. He craves leadership and an understanding of what is expected of him. Owners should decide upon the rules of the house and stick to them.
Activity: Tthis breed does need to be exercised daily. They enjoy long walks. Olde Boston Bulldogge are good for apartment as well as country living. They are relatively inactive indoors and do okay without a yard. This breed is sensitive to weather extremes.
Usability: the Rutan family up till lately used their Olde Boston's for hunting small game, Rats, Racoons, Opossums and even wild Hogs. Other owners of Olde Boston Bulldogges have started partipating in Weight Pull with relative success.
Olde Boston Bulldogge Quotes / Trivia
Much of the credit for preserving and re-establishing this rare breed should be given to the late Mr. Neil Rutan and his son Nathaniel. They have worked hard to preserve what is the Olde Boston Bulldogge.
The once renowned breeder of the recreation of Olde Boston Bulldogges, the family Rutan now changed from the breeding of Olde Boston Bulldogges to Old English Bulldogs. Nathaniel Rutan might still breed Olde Boston Bulldogge once in a while.