The Rottweiler (or Rottie, Rott, Rottweiler Metzgerhund) is a medium sized to large sized, short coated, muscular dog that was developed in Germany, specificly Rottweil. The Rottweiler in origin a protect adn herding dog, later a guard, police and utility or family dog.
The Rottweiler traces its origins back to antiquity, as it descended from the ancient Roman drover dogs. Sources from the time indicate that these large Molossers, Mastiff-like dogs accompanied the Roman legions on campaigns throughout Europe, driving and herding cattle as well as protecting the camps at night. Around the 1st century, the dog was brought to the Roman territory of Arae Flaviae which is located in modern southern Germany, where it flourished for centuries as an indispensable part of the region's cattle trade. The Roman bath houses used distinctive red tiles for the roof of the baths, the name of the dog breed comes from these red tiles that were known as "rote wil" around 8th century in German and as time passed the it became Rottweil.
The Romans needed the dog to be able to work all kinds of livestock under a variety of conditions. Besides predators such as wolves, they even guarded the cattle from human thieves. While still being used as a multi-faceted herding and stock protection dog, it soon became the travelling companion of butchers towards and at markets during the Middle Ages, going as far as guarding the money pouches they tied around their necks.
Beginning in the 19th century, the outlawing of cattle driving and the popularization of other cart animals (the donkey, for example) and the upcoming of railroads caused the Rottweiler Metzgerhund (Butcher Dog of Rottweil) to decline in importance and prominence. By the end of the century, the breed had fallen into relative obscurity and was nearly lost. In response, proponents of the Rottweiler formed a club in 1901 to restore the breed to its once prominent position. Though the club itself was short-lived, it did succeed in creating the first standard for the breed as well as generating renewed interest in the Rottweiler as a working animal.
Between 1901 and 1907, Rottweilers found work as police dogs, and numerous other Rottweiler clubs were formed in Germany. The various German Rottweiler Clubs amalgamated to form the Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub (ADRK, General German Rottweiler Club) in 1921. Around this time (somewhere around 1910s) the Rottweiler was brought to the United States and was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1931. During the First and Second World Wars, Rottweilers were put into service in various roles, including as messenger, ambulance, draught, and guard dogs. Today, the Rottweiler is one of the most popular breeds in America and has found popularity in many European countries, both as a watchdog and as a family pet.
Body: the Rottweiler has a short, stocky body with a powerful straight and strong back. The chest is roomy, broad and deep. The croup is short and wide and does not slope and the flanks should not be pulled in. The tail is an extension of the back line and, in countries where this is allowed it is normally reduced to a stump tail. Rottweilers have straight and strong legs. The feet are round, closed with well-arched toes. The powerful and fairly dry and round neck is wide and comes with a slightly curved neckline from shoulder upwards.
Head: the head is medium in length with a wide skull and a well-defined stop. The muzzle is as long as the skull or slightly shorter. The skin is tight around the head and wrinkles only when their attention is drawn to something. The ears are small and triangular. They are set as far apart as is possible and are positioned as such to make the skull appear broader. The eyes are medium in size with well fitting lids. They have a good-natured and self-conscious expression. Rottweilers have a scissors bite.
Height at Withers: the dogs have a shoulderheight of 61 up to 69 (24 to 27 inches) centimetres and bitches measure 56 up to 63 centimetres (22 to 25 inches).
Weight: for dogs it's between 50 to 58 kg (110 and 128 lbs) and bitches are between 40 to 48 kg (89 to 106 lbs).
Coat: Rottweilers have a short, coarse and hard coat with an undercoat (stick hair).
Colors: the colors are always black sharply bounded and as dark as possible to light brown mahogany markings on the muzzle, cheeks, above the eyes, legs and chest. A white patch or whiteness on the toes are undesirable. The eyes are dark brown.
Character: Rottweilers are honest, intelligent, confident and balanced dogs. They are unconditionally loyal to their owner and his or her family members. They take their role as guardian and protector of both family and home to hearth and very seriously. In that respect, they are incorruptible. They normally bark little. They are potentially dominant, brave, and they know no fear. Most Rottweielrs tend to be a one man's dog. They can be as possessive, especially when the owner must divide his attention over multiple dogs. At home they are relatively quiet, but they reveal to be tireless workers when outdoor. They enjoy working with and for their boss and have an excellent memory. The average Rottweiler has a strong sense of territory and is pretty solidly bound to the property, he is reluctant to engage alone in the nearby areas. They usaually develop a strong bond with their boss, which means that the dog when unleashed during walks rarely, if ever, tends to run off.
Social Build: Rottweiler by nature is "loyal as a dog" to his boss and family and seems very affectionate. They naturally go very well with the children, their tollerantie is great, provided they threat the dog fairly. Keep in mind that this dog will guard his children when they are teased by their friends. When they are well socialized with cats and other pets, including cattle, these animals are easily accepted and not pursued. Rottweilers have virtually no hunting instinct. In particular, the males of this breed when they reach maturity can show signs of dominance over their sex partners and may desire to assert that dominance. Proper socialization and consistent training can make a big difference here. Known visitors are greeted enthusiastically, but this breed will make sure unwanted visitors do not go beyond the garden gate.
Care: the Rottweiler needs very little coat care. During the shedding period you can use a rubber glove or massage brush to remove the dead and loose hair quickly and effectively from the coat. Keep the nails short.
Education: Rottweilers need a calm and balanced owner who stands firmly in his or her shoes and has a natural balance over dogs. The education of a Rottweiler must be honest and loving, but definitely consistent and strict. A permissive or inexperienced owner will otherwise, particularly if male is concerned, can be faced with a dog who tends to take the lead. These dogs seem tough and hard. To some extent they are that too, but they are also very sensitive to your voice, so use it when the dog does something right. A well-trained Rottweiler can learn many things and shows unconditional obedience. Proper socialization with people is important. You do not have to be afraid that it will become an everyone's friend, because that will not happen. There is a distinctly notisable difference in this breed in character between males and females. The latter are milder and show less self-assertion.
Activity: a Rottweiler has an average daily need of excersize and will at a large adapt to the conditions. It nevertheless remains a working dog who enjoys the outdoors and you cannot and must not doom into a leisurely life. A Rottweiler who gets too little exercise, usually finds pound rapidly. Regularly take the dog with you along long and varied walks, let him swim and walk beside the bike and play with him regularly. Especially ballgames and fetching, the average Rottweiler will participate in with pleasure.
Usability: for this breed defense is a suitable branch of dog sports. Most have an excellent sense of smell and therefore can get pretty good at tracking. Normally this dog is unsuited for obidience, the course offers too little challenge for this breed. They are often used for guarding, police duties, and they still do well as a shepherd dog with a protective role.
Rottweiler Quotes / Trivia
During the 8th century, excavations in southern Germany revealed the existence of Roman baths built when the region was a Roman territory. The town where the baths were found was subsequently renamed das Rote Wil, "the red tile," for the distinctive red tile roof of the baths. Rottweil, as the town is now known, was central to the development of the Rottweiler and gives the breed its name.
A new breed is being developed by crossing Pitbulls with Rottweilers, now known as the Panja Mastiff.